The word Astrology is derived from a Latin word Astrologia, which was derived from Greek words Astron meaning stars and Logia meaning study. So astrology means ‘study of stars’, but astrology is something more than just studying the stars. Astrology consists of statements, beliefs, and practices that are both factual and scientific, but are not compatible with scientific methods. Astrology is thought to drive human affairs and earthly events by studying the position and movement of astronomic objects. Astronomic objects include the stars, sun, moon, planets, solar system, space, and parallel universe.
Astrology has been ante ceded to second Millennium BC. At first, astrology was used to predict the seasonal changes and give meaning to astronomic cycles as signals of communication. Astrology became even more popular and important because some cultures like Hinduism, Maya, and Chinese associated their beliefs with certain astronomical events.
The oldest form of astrology which is still in use, is the Western Astrology. This was first used in 17th to 19th century and has its roots in Mesopotamia – a historical region of Western Asia. After extreme success in Mesopotamia it then spread to other parts of the world like Greece, the Arab world and the Roman empire. Western astrology basically attempts to explain the personality of a person and predict important events in the lives of humans based on astronomic objects.
Western astrology is therefore linked to horoscopes. The word horoscope is derived from the Greek, meaning time and observer. Horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the position of astronomic objects like the sun, moon, stars, and planets at the time of the human’s birth or at the time of important events.
History of Astrology
Astrology was considered a scholarly tradition. In close relation with medicine, astronomy, alchemy, and meteorology, astrology was also included in academic and political domains. Also in literature, astrology was mentioned in famous works by Geoffrey Chaucer, William Shakespeare, Dante Alighieri, Lope de Vega, and Calderón de la Barca.
At the end of the 19th century, scientific methods were widely used. These scientific methods challenged astrology on both theoretical and experimental grounds. The experimental grounds opened a new chapter in the history of astrology. Scientific methods then proved that astrology had no scientific validity and explanatory power. This does decline the academic standard of Astrology as still many people from America, Britain, and Canada continued to believe that the stars and planets’ position and movement effects lives.
Views Against Astrology
Topologists are people who are concerned with the study of the properties of geometric objects. Some famous topologist viewpoints are briefly mentioned below:
Christian theologian St. Augustine said that determination of astrology caused conflicts among Christian principles and mentioned the failure of astrology by saying that people born at the same time behave differently.
Muslim astronomers said that the methods of astrology are against the views of Islam. They also cited that to predict God’s will is against the Islamic Principles.
The modern viewpoint states that astrology is not compatible with modern catholic beliefs and its practice must be abhorred.