Roman Mythology

Roman Mythology is about the ancient legends of Rome and its religious systems, but may also mean the description of these ancient legends according to modern literature. The Romans have treated their ancient legends as history, even with the presence of supernatural and miraculous elements. The Greek religion influences complicates the study of the Roman myth and religion. As per the Greek Mythology, the Gods were created by the universe, rather than the other way round. Earth and the Heavens were the first things to exist, and the Titans were their children. Olympians (Greek Gods) were the children of the Titans. The elder Gods (the Titans) were ruling the universe until the other Gods overpowered them. Ocean, Mnemosyne (Memory), Prometheus and Atlas became the guides of the mortals.

Mount Olympus, which is considered to be a heavenly region, was known as the home of the Gods. It’s not a part of heaven, and is neither somewhere in the sea, earth or anywhere known. Olympus is described as a place where it never rains, and the Gods spend the time listening to music and feasting. The 12 Olympians included: Zeus (Jupiter), Hades and Poseidon (Neptune), Hestia (the sister), Hera (the wife of Zeus), Ares (the son), and other children of Zeus: Athena, Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes and Hephaestus.

Zeus was the most powerful of all, the supreme ruler, however, he constantly fell in love with new women, and then had to hide the truth from his wife Hera who was both the wife and sister of Zeus. Hera used to hold grudges and punish the follower’s of Zeus, even if they were innocent. Poseidon, second most powerful God after Zeus, was the ruler of the sea. Hades (his brother) used to rule over the underworld and the dead. He was considered to be a terrible God. Apart from these 12 Olympians, there were other ‘lessor Gods of Olympus’. These included: Hebe (the goddess of youth), Eros (the god of love) and Iris the goddess of the rainbow. Significant concepts that were taken care of at Olympus, included Dike (human justice) and Themis (divine justice).

The Romans also had their own specific Gods. The Numina are forces that have a control over our household as well as our daily lives. Manes are known to be dead spirits who are worshiped by people, Lares are known to defend and protect each household from Larvae (the evil dead) known to cause fear. Camenae treat diseases and are goddesses guarding the water sources. There are other supernatural beings as well, who live somewhere apart from Olympus. Generally, Romans adopted the Greek Mythology and the Greek Gods, only altering the names of deities. The original Gods of Romans are described to be divinities lacking personalities and being vague.

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