One of the busiest cities in the United States and the most popular tourist destinations in the world, New York City is known for its amazing skyscrapers and unique architecture. Many people visit the city to experience not only the thrill of living here, but also the iconic buildings that grace the skyline. These include:
- The Empire State Building
Standing at 102 storeys, The Empire Sate Building bears an Art Deco design. The construction of this skyscraper was completed in 1931 and it became the world’s tallest building, until The World Trade Centre was erected in the 1970s. Often referred to as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World, the building became a National Historic Landmark in 1986.
- The Chrysler Building
Even though The Chrysler Building only held the record for the world’s tallest building for a year, before The Empire State Building was erected, it still remains one of New York’s finest. Envisioned by William Van Alen, the building is known for its stunning Art Deco design, elegant, terraced crown with a sunburst pattern, and its grand eagles that act as sentries from their 61st floor perch.
- The Statue of Liberty
Lighting the way to freedom, Lady Liberty was designed by the French sculpture Frederic Auguste Bartholdi and built by fellow countryman, Gustave Eiffel. The 151 foot statue is located on Liberty Island, and keeps watch over the harbour welcoming visitors to the city. Dedicated to the United States on October 28, 1886, the Statue of Liberty is constructed of copper and developed its blue-green patina 20 years after it was erected, due to the effects of the elements on the metal.
- The New York Public Library
The main branch of The New York City Public Library took over a decade to design and build. A city-wide competition was declared to determine its architect, and Carrere and Hastings were the winners. The Beaux Arts Building became the largest marble structure in America, when it opened in 1911. Its exterior walls feature 20,000 blocks of Vermont marble and the main entrance is flanked by two Tennessee marble lions, known as Patience and Fortitude. Enclosed inside is The Rose Reading Room, which is New York’s finest public square bearing 51 foot ceilings that feature intricate, sculpted mouldings and painted clouds.
- St. Patrick’s Cathedral
This intricately decorated house of worship, represents the glamour of the city in which it is located. Built in a neo-Gothic style,and facing the Rockefeller Centre, it is the seat of the Archbishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York. Its ornately decorative elements, such as stained glass windows and marble cladding, ensure that it stands out amidst the city’s skyscrapers. In 2012, a massive renovation project restored some of the church’s original elements; including its heavy bronze doors, large main organ and ceiling.